grow under the ground

Digging Deep: Tips To Grow Under The Ground

These root veggies not only taste great but also offer numerous health benefits. This post will guide you through everything you need to know to grow and harvest underground veggies like a pro. We have covered you, from planting tips for cooler temperatures to growing tropical container options. We will also explore the unique flavours these vegetables bring to the table and their nutritional value. So, whether you are an experienced gardener or a beginner, read on as we answer all your questions about growing underground vegetables.

Tips for planting and harvesting vegetables grown under the ground.

For successful planting and harvesting of root veggies such as underground beets or radishes in your vegetable garden, follow these tips: Choose the right veggies suitable for underground growing conditions. Prepare loose soil by adding compost or organic matter before planting seedlings at the recommended depth and spacing. Water deeply but infrequently for optimal growth. Harvest carefully using a digging tool to avoid damaging tubers like celery root or sweet potato.

Root vegetables that thrive in cooler temperatures

If you want to grow some tasty root vegetables in more excellent weather conditions, there’s plenty to choose from. Carrots, beets, parsnips, turnips, and radishes are underground veggies that can thrive in these conditions when the soil is prepared with organic matter like compost or fertilizer so it is loose enough for seedlings to take hold. Plant your tubers or seeds at the proper depth and spacing for optimal growth. To encourage root growth, keep the soil moist but do not water frequently. Harvest vegetables carefully using a digging tool to avoid damage.


Carrots are one of the most popular underground vegetables growing underground. Thriving in loose soil rich in organic matter and fantastic weather conditions, this root vegetable can be produced by sowing seeds indoors or directly into the ground. Gardeners must thin out seedlings to ensure healthy root growth to prevent overcrowding. With a maturity period of about 80 days, planning is essential for a bountiful harvest of this delicious vegetable.

Beetroot or Beet

Rich in nutrients such as fibre and potassium, beets are versatile root vegetables to grow under the ground that can be boiled or pickled for distinct flavours. For optimal growth of this root vegetable and other underground veggies like turnips and radishes in excellent weather conditions, it is essential to plant them in well-drained soil with a pH between 6.0-7.5. Regular watering is crucial for their nourishment and growth.


With a distinct flavour, turnips are among the underground vegetables prized by gardeners worldwide. These root veggies prefer cooler weather and need loose soil with lots of organic matter to grow under the ground correctly. Planting them at the correct depth and keeping them well-watered will help you harvest these white-fleshed tubers. Turnips also make great companions for other vegetables like radishes, rutabagas, and carrots, helping keep pests at bay.


Radishes are an excellent choice for beginner gardeners as they can be quickly grown in cooler weather. This underground vegetable matures speedily and comes in round, oval or elongated shapes with green leaves on top. Radishes are packed with nutrients such as Vitamin C and fibre, making them healthy for consumption, either raw or cooked. Their crunchy texture is perfect for adding an extra zing to salads or other cuisines.


Kohlrabi is a root vegetable belonging to the same family as broccoli. This mild and sweet vegetable can be eaten both raw or cooked. It’s best suited for excellent weather conditions with frost tolerance making it an ideal option for winter and fall gardens. Loose soil with organic matter is perfect for planting kohlrabi while providing full sun increases its growth rate. After maturity at around an inch in diameter, kohlrabi can be harvested by manually pulling it from the ground or with a fork.


Parsnip is a family vegetable related to carrots and parsley that thrive in cooler weather and best be sown in the fall or early spring. With a maturity rate of around 120 days, they take longer to grow under the ground vegetables like radishes, turnips, or sweet potatoes. Parsnips are high in fibre, vitamin C, and potassium, which are essential to any healthy diet. To grow parsnips successfully, ensure they have access to well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter and compost.


Rutabaga or swede is a delicious root vegetable with a distinct flavour that can be used in various cuisines. Swedes are an excellent addition to any dish and are high in vitamin C and fibre. The ability to quickly grow them in home gardens or containers makes it a more accessible option for gardeners. Swedes are versatile; they can be roasted, mashed or used in stews without compromising the health benefits they offer.

Tropical underground vegetables

Tropical underground vegetables can add a distinct flavour to any dish. These veggies grow best in full sun but need loam, well-drained soil rich in organic matter to survive. Examples of tropical underground vegetables include yams, taro, cassava, and turmeric, all of which have unique health benefits. To start growing these veggies yourself, plant the seedlings after the last frost date and ensure they’re watered regularly during the growing season.


Tropical yams, or Dioscorea alata, are starchy tubers with health benefits. These root veggies require warm weather and well-drained soil to thrive during the growing season. After planting seedlings in early spring, gardeners can expect maturity in about five months. Unlike white potatoes or sweet potatoes, the edible part of yams grows underground on a vine-like rhizome.


Taro is a nutritious root vegetable rich in vitamin C, minerals and potassium, with its unique flavour commonly used in tropical cuisine. To successfully cultivate taro underground, ensure well-drained soil with organic matter and total sun exposure in warm weather conditions. Harvesting should be done carefully to avoid harming the tubers.


Cassava, a root vegetable quickly grown in warm weather, is a starch-rich crop widely consumed worldwide. Boiled, mashed, or fried cassava makes for great stews and soups. With high temperatures and well-drained soil, planting cassava in early spring results in healthy seedlings ready for harvesting before the last frost date. Gardeners must choose loose soil rich with compost matter for optimum growth conditions. This vegetable also offers health benefits thanks to its edible part containing vitamin C.


Unlike yams or taro, is a vegetable that grows entirely above ground. They prefer cooler weather and moist soil to grow under the soil bed. Leeks have a mild onion-like flavour that adds depth to soups and stews. The edible part of the plant is its white bulbous stalk and green leaves. When harvesting, it’s essential to cut the leek at the base and remove any dirt or debris between the layers; they are an excellent source of vitamins A and K and antioxidants like polyphenols and flavonoids.

How to grow under-the-ground vegetables with unique flavours

Looking to add some distinct flavour to your cuisine? Give underground vegetables a try! Sunchokes and celeriac are just two examples of tubers that can be grown in containers or raised beds for easy harvesting. Still, trying to figure out where to start? Companion planting these veggies with others helps keep soil healthy and pests at bay.


With its pungent and spicy flavour, Horseradish is a root vegetable that thrives in well-drained soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.5. Its root cuttings should be planted vertically in loose soil during early spring or fall, so it can establish roots that require regular watering to ensure healthy growth. Dig up the roots when matured enough for harvesting during the growing season or after the first frost for milder flavours. Horseradish adds zing to dishes like stews without overpowering and belongs to the list of flavoured underground vegetables.


Ginger is a unique addition to your vegetable garden that boasts zingy flavours and numerous health benefits. This underground rhizome grows well in containers or loose soil under full sun and warm weather conditions. From planting seedlings to harvesting ginger post-last frost date, gardeners should aim to keep ginger happy by adding organic matter for nutrition and maintaining well-drained soil. With its distinct spiciness, ginger adds depth of flavours from stews and root veggie dishes to cabbage.


Shallots have a distinct flavour and are easy to grow under the ground in well-drained soil with a pH between 6.0-7.0 and can be planted in the early spring or fall. Gardeners should harvest them when the tops turn yellow and fall over, typically in late summer or early fall. Shallots add depth of flavour to dishes like stews, soups, and sauces. They pair well with root vegetables like radish, turnip, sweet potato, beetroot, tuber celery root, swede, kohlrabi, jicama and Jerusalem artichoke.


Jicama is a root vegetable from Mexico with a distinct flavour. Its edible part is the root, which can be consumed raw or cooked. Jicama’s versatility makes it an excellent addition to salads and cuisines that use water chestnuts. When selecting jicama, gardeners should look for unblemished tubers with smooth skin. Store this root vegetable in cool and dry conditions, away from other fruits and vegetables.

Health benefits of growing the ground vegetables

Adding distinct flavours to cuisines, underground vegetables are a treat to taste buds and have health benefits. These root veggies are a rich source of vitamin C and minerals. Their high fibre content promotes digestion, while their low glycemic index regulates blood sugar levels. Organic matter to grow under-the-ground vegetables like beetroot or rutabagas in loose soil under full sun with an inch of water per week yields the best results.

Rich sources of vitamins and minerals

Underground vegetables offer many health benefits due to their abundant essential nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals. Vitamin A-rich root veggies like carrots and beets can improve vision and strengthen bones. Meanwhile, tubers like potatoes are high in potassium which is crucial for maintaining healthy blood pressure levels. Garlic and onions add a distinct flavour to cuisines and possess potent anti-inflammatory properties that boost heart health.

Low-calorie options for weight management

For those looking to manage their weight, adding underground vegetables to their diets can be beneficial. These veggies are low in calories and include turnips, radishes, and beets. An easy way to incorporate them into your meals is by roasting them or using them in hearty vegetable stews. By combining these root veggies into your diet, you can reap the benefits of their high-fibre content without packing on unwanted pounds.

The high fibre content for digestion

Underground veggies offer high fibre content for a healthy digestive system. Root veggies like carrots, beets & sweet potatoes promote beneficial gut bacteria while providing essential vitamins & minerals like iron & vitamin A. Bringing more underground veggies into your diet is easy with recipes like roasted root vegetables & veggie stews. Beetroot, celery root & parsnips are less popular underground veggies packed with nutrition.

Vegetables that grow under the ground well in containers

Growing vegetables in containers is a fantastic way to cultivate fresh produce at home. To get started, select the appropriate container with loose soil and ensure proper drainage. Be sure to position your plants in full sun or partial shade, depending on the vegetable you are growing. Container-friendly underground vegetables include turnips, radishes, beets, tubers like yams, celery root, Horseradish, ginger, cassava, taro root, turmeric, and jicama. Companion planting can help optimize space, while frost-sensitive underground veggies should be planted after the last frost date.

Tips for plants to grow under the ground in small spaces

Maximize space in your vegetable garden or container to grow under the ground vegetables like radishes, turnips, and sweet potatoes under the ground. Choose root veggies such as parsnips, Jerusalem artichokes or celery root. Select a container deep enough to accommodate their growth and ensure loose soil with compost. Harvest when they reach maturity according to USDA guidelines for cooler weather. These veggies are fibre-rich with health benefits like vitamin C and distinct flavours, perfect for stews and soups.

Frequently asked questions about when to grow under-the-ground vegetables.

Gardeners often ask about popular vegetables that they can grow under the ground. To prepare the perfect soil for underground crops like radishes or turnips or sweet potatoes or beets or tubers or celery or yams, Horseradish or ginger or cabbages or parsnips or Jerusalem artichoke and taros, one must ensure that it is loose and well-drained to prevent root rot. Conditions for growing these distinct flavour veggies differ from those raised above the ground. Adequate drainage and water management are necessary during the cooler weather growing season in full sun conditions with compost rich in organic matter at planting time.

How long does it take to grow under the ground vegetables?

The growth time for underground vegetables varies based on the vegetable and growing conditions. Carrots and radishes can mature in as little as 30 days, while onions and garlic can take months. Soil quality, temperature, and moisture levels also affect growth rates. Proper research on each vegetable’s requirements is crucial for a successful harvest.

What are some common pests and diseases that affect vegetable growth?

Underground vegetables can be affected by pests like wireworms, root maggots, and cutworms. Diseases such as damping-off, root rot, and clubroot can also harm them. Good soil management practices like crop rotation and companion planting with herbs can help prevent these issues. Regular monitoring and immediate action are crucial to keep the garden healthy.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a round white vegetable?

Root vegetables, such as turnips and radishes, often grow under the ground and are packed with nutrients like fibre, vitamin C, and potassium. Other examples include carrots, beets, and potatoes. Eating these veggies can offer various health benefits when incorporated into your diet.

How fast does Monstera Grow Indoors?

The growth rate of Monstera plants indoors is influenced by various factors such as light, humidity, and temperature. With ideal conditions and regular pruning and fertilization, they can grow under the ground up to 1-2 feet per year, but the growth rate may vary significantly.

What are the benefits of growing ground vegetables?

Growing vegetables underground has several benefits, including protection from pests and weather conditions. It’s a unique way to grow under the ground veggies, especially root vegetables like carrots and potatoes. Underground gardening can also increase yield, meaning more food for your family.

Is it possible to make money from gardening and farming while living in an apartment or condo complex?

Absolutely! Container gardening and hydroponics are ideal for small spaces. Growing herbsmicrogreens, and small veggies like cherry tomatoes or radishes is feasible. Selling your produce at farmers’ markets or local restaurants can bring in additional income from your apartment garden.


Growing and harvesting underground vegetables is a great way to diversify your diet, add unique flavours to your meals, and reap numerous health benefits. With tips on planting and harvesting and information on the most common types of underground vegetables, you can easily incorporate them into your gardening routine. Whether you have limited space or want to try something new, container-friendly varieties thrive in small areas. Their rich sources of vitamins and minerals, low-calorie options for weight management, and high fibre content for digestion are excellent addition to any healthy lifestyle. 

Have more questions about how to grow under the ground vegetables? Ask us in the comments below and subscribe to our weekly newsletter for updated tips on developing different types of roots and veggies in your backyard and even selling them.

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